Wolston St Margarets Church of England Primary School

Walston St Margret's
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PHONICS & EARLY READING

 

What is Phonics?

Phonics is a way of teaching children how to read and write. It helps children hear, identify and use different sounds that distinguish one word from another in the English language.

Written language can be compared to a code, so knowing the sounds of individual letters and how those letters sound when they’re combined will help children decode words as they read.

Understanding phonics will also help children know which letters to use when they are writing words.

Phonics involves matching the sounds of spoken English with individual letters or groups of letters. For example, the sound k can be spelled as c, k, ck or ch.

Teaching children to blend the sounds of letters together helps them decode unfamiliar or unknown words by sounding them out. For example, when a child is taught the sounds for the letters tpa and s, they can start to build up the words: “tap”, “taps”, “pat”, “pats” and “sat”.

At Wolston St Margaret's we use a synthetic phonics approach which is where phonemes (sounds) associated with particular graphemes (letters) are pronounced in isolation and blended together (synthesised). For example, children are taught to take a single-syllable word such as cat apart into its three letters, pronounce a phoneme for each letter in turn /k, æ, t/, and blend the phonemes together to form a word.

Little Wandle Letters and Sounds Revised

At Wolston, we teach Phonics through a scheme called Little Wandle Letters and Sounds Revised. This is a complete systematic synthetic phonics programme (SSP) developed for schools by schools. 
 
Phonics is taught daily for children working at Phases 1 - 5, and reading practise sessions each week, help build fluency in decoding.
 
Here is the link to the 'For Parents' section of the Little Wandle website: https://www.littlewandlelettersandsounds.org.uk/resources/for-parents/
 
The resources on this page will help you support your child with saying their phonemes (sounds) and writing their graphemes (letters). There are also useful videos so you can see how your child is taught at school, to be able to confidently support their reading at home. 
 

Helpful Resources:

Glossary of Terms

Little Wandle Programme Overview - Reception and Year 1

Grapheme Mats - Phases 2, 3 and 5

Grapheme Mats - Phases 2 and 3

Pronunciation Guide - Reception Autumn 1

Pronunciation Guide - Reception Autumn 2

Pronunciation Guide - Reception Spring 1

Capital Letter Formation 

 

The videos below demonstrate how to pronounce the sounds that the children learn during their phonics lessons and how key knowledge and skills, such as blending, Alien Words and tricky words are taught:

 

Phase 2 Sounds - Reception Autumn 1

//www.youtube.com/embed/-ZtjFIvA_fs

 

Phase 2 Sounds - Reception Autumn 2

//www.youtube.com/embed/qDu3JAjf-U0

 

Phase 3 Sounds - Reception Spring 1

//www.youtube.com/embed/DvOuc7cWXxc

 

How We Teach Blending

//www.youtube.com/embed/IL5YUCPyC5I

 

How We Teach Alien Words

//www.youtube.com/embed/VtoJZMVgy1I

 

How We Teach Tricky Words

//www.youtube.com/embed/NTC0PbtmeUA

 

 

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